|Title||Why Public Key Infrastructures have failed so far?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||J. Lopez, R. Oppliger, and G. Pernul|
Since public key cryptography is a fundamental technology for electronic commerce, people have often argued that public key infrastructures and corresponding certification services are the gold-mines of the information age. Contrary to these relatively high expectations, public key infrastructures have not really taken off and many certification service providers have even gone out of business. In this paper, we overview and discuss the technical, economical, legal, and social reasons why public key infrastructures have failed so far, summarize the lessons learnt, and give our expectations about the future development of the field.
Why Public Key Infrastructures have failed so far?