online identification of Failure and Attack on interdependent Critical InfrastructurES

Funded by the EU FP7 (HOME/2011/CIPS/AG/4000002115)
Duration: 01/09/2012 to 30/04/2014
Website: http://facies.dia.uniroma3.it/

Project Overview: 

Modernization of critical infrastructures is causing important architectural complexities with strong dependences on information systems. The need to integrate distributed automatic systems with the capability to prevent and mitigate anomalous situations is imminently necessary so as to ensure an acceptable level of protection. These anomalous situations can become: from hardware/software errors to failures, natural incidents, accidents and attacks (either physical and cyber attacks).

The FACIES project [1] therefore aims to the provision of distributed and automatic preventive solutions that help underlying systems guarantee their resilience and survivability at all times. This way, it is possible to offer a robust cooperation between entities which can share data streams irrespectively of the situation; i.e. either a normal situation or a threatening situation. This also means to foresee concrete solutions able to improve information management, delivering useful hints for information sharing during crisis situations, in addition to facilitating cooperation between public authorities and private entities under a continued control of threats.

Given that the vast majority of critical infrastructures are controlled by SCADA systems, the goals to achieve by NISC within the FACIES project are twofold. On the one hand, NICS is in charge of addressing the control and detection of anomalies and stealth attacks in SCADA systems, as well as the provision of advanced automatic detection solutions for these of types of threats. On the other hand, NICS also has to actively collaborate with the rest of partners for discussion and resolution on-going of existing problems, data dissemination, integration of solutions and validation in laboratory.


  1. C. Alcaraz, and J. Lopez, "FACIES: online identification of Failure and Attack on interdependent Critical InfrastructurES",
    European CIIP Newsletter, vol. 7, European_CIIP_Newsletter, pp. 11-13, Nov 2013. More..


     FACIES aims to protect water treatment systems and their control systems against accidental or intentional incidents such as failures, anomalies and cyber-attacks with a particular emphasis on stealth attacks.