A Cyber-Physical Systems-Based Checkpoint Model for Structural Controllability

TitleA Cyber-Physical Systems-Based Checkpoint Model for Structural Controllability
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsC. Alcaraz, and J. Lopez
JournalIEEE Systems Journal
Date Published10/2017
ISSN Number1932-8184
KeywordsCritical Control Systems, cyber-physical systems, Smart grids, structural controllability

The protection of critical user-centric applications, such as Smart Grids and their monitoring systems, has become one of the most cutting-edge research areas in recent years. The dynamic complexity of their cyber-physical systems (CPSs) and their strong inter-dependencies with power systems, are bringing about a significant increase in security problems that may be exploited by attackers. These security holes may, for example, trigger the disintegration of the structural controllability properties due to the problem of non-locality, affecting, sooner or later, the provision of the essential services to end-users. One way to address these situations could be through automatic checkpoints in charge of inspecting the healthy status of the control network and its critical nature. This inspection can be subject to special mechanisms composed of trustworthy cyberphysical elements capable of detecting structural changes in the control and activating restoration procedures with support for warning. This is precisely the aim of this paper, which presents a CPSs-based checkpoint model with the capacity to manage heterogeneous replications that help ensure data redundancy, thereby guaranteeing the validity of the checkpoints. As a support to this study, a theoretical and practical analysis is addressed to show the functionality of the approach in real contexts.

Citation Keyalcarazlopez-IEEESystems-2017