Juan Enrique Rubio

PhD. Student


Edificio de Investigación Ada Byron
C/ Arquitecto Francisco Peñalosa, nº 18
Ampliación Campus de Teatinos. Universidad de Málaga
29071 Málaga (Spain)
Phone: +34-951-952915    Fax: +34-951-952749
E-mail: rubio@lcc.uma.es

Domain of interest and research

Mr. Juan Enrique is a PhD student at the University of Malaga, who receives funds from the Spanish Ministry of Education under the FPU program. He obtained the Bachelor's degree in Computer Science in 2014 and the Master's Degree in Computer Science in 2016, both with distinction by the same University. He has been a collaborator in the Department of Computer Science since 2013, and his research activities today are focused on the protection of critical infrastructures. In particular, among its publications, we can highlight the analysis of cybersecurity threats that arise with the paradigm of Industry 4.0 and the concept of Industrial Internet of Things, interconnecting productive processes of all sectors with cutting-edge information and communications technologies. In this sense, Juan Enrique also has works in the design of mechanisms that preserve the privacy of users in the context of Smart Grid, and currently works in national and international projects related to these areas.

Scope of Research

  • Secure monitoring and control in Critical Systems
  • Security and Privacy in the Smart Grid
  • Security in Industry 4.0 Infrastructures
  • Cyber-Physical Systems Security

Education

  • MSc in Computer Science (University of Málaga, Spain, 2016)
  • BSc in Computer Science (University of Málaga, Spain, 2014)

Scientific Activities

  • Invited Reviewer in Journals:
    • International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection. ISSN: 1874-5482
    • Journal of Security and Communication Networks. ISSN: 1939-0122

Relevant Publications

  • J. E. Rubio, R. Roman, and J. Lopez, "Analysis of cybersecurity threats in Industry 4.0: the case of intrusion detection",
    The 12th International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security, In Press.
  • J. Lopez, J. E. Rubio, and C. Alcaraz, "A Resilient Architecture for the Smart Grid",
    IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 14, issue 8, IEEE, pp. 3745-3753, 08/2019, 2018. DOI (I.F.: 5.430)More..

    Abstract

    The Smart Grid offers many benefits due to the bidirectional communication between the users and the utility company, which makes it possible to perform a fine-grain consumption metering. This can be used for Demand Response purposes with the generation and delivery of electricity in real time. It is essential to rapidly anticipate high peaks of demand or potential attacks, so as to avoid power outages and denial of service, while effectively supplying consumption areas. In this paper, we propose a novel architecture where cloud computing resources are leveraged (and tested in practice) to enable, on the one hand, the consumption prediction through time series forecasting, as well as load balancing to uniformly distribute the demand over a set of available generators. On the other and, it also allows the detection of connectivity losses and intrusions within the control network by using controllability concepts.

    Impact Factor: 5.430
    Journal Citation Reports® Science Edition (Thomson Reuters, 2017)

  • J. Lopez, and J. E. Rubio, "Access control for cyber-physical systems interconnected to the cloud",
    Computer Networks, vol. 134, Elsevier, pp. 46 - 54, 2018. DOI (I.F.: 2.522)More..
    Impact Factor: 2.522
    Journal Citation Reports® Science Edition (Thomson Reuters, 2017)

  • J. E. Rubio, C. Alcaraz, and J. Lopez, "Addressing Security in OCPP: Protection Against Man-in-the-Middle Attacks",
    9th IFIP International Conference on New Technologies, Mobility & Security, 2018. More..
  • C. Alcaraz, J. Rodriguez, R. Roman, and J. E. Rubio, "Estado y Evolución de la Detección de Intrusiones en los Sistemas Industriales",
    III Jornadas Nacionales de Investigación en Ciberseguridad (JNIC 2017), 2017. More..

    Abstract

    Debido a la necesidad de proteger los sistemas industriales ante amenazas, se hace necesario comprender cual es el verdadero alcance de los mecanismos capaces de detectar potenciales anomalías e intrusiones. Es por tanto el objetivo de este artículo analizar el estado y la evolución, tanto académica como industrial, de los mecanismos de detección de intrusiones en este campo, así como estudiar su aplicabilidad actual y futura.

  • J. E. Rubio, C. Alcaraz, and J. Lopez, "Preventing Advanced Persistent Threats in Complex Control Networks",
    European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, vol. 10493, 22nd European Symposium on Research in Computer Security (ESORICS 2017), pp. 402-418, 09/2017. More..
  • J. Lopez, C. Alcaraz, J. Rodriguez, R. Roman, and J. E. Rubio, "Protecting Industry 4.0 against Advanced Persistent Threats",
    European CIIP Newsletter, vol. 11, issue 26, no. 1, European CIIP Newsletter, pp. 27-29, 03/2017. More..
  • J. E. Rubio, C. Alcaraz, and J. Lopez, "Recommender System for Privacy-Preserving Solutions in Smart Metering",
    Pervasive and Mobile Computing, Pervasive and Mobile Computing, 2017. (I.F.: 2.974)More..

    Abstract

    Nowadays, Smart Grid is envisaged to provide several benefits to both customers and grid operators. However, Smart Meters introduce many privacy issues if consumption data is analysed. In this paper we analyse the main techniques that address privacy when collecting electricity readings. In addition to privacy, it is equally important to preserve efficiency to carry on with monitoring operations, so further control requirements and communication protocols are also studied. Our aim is to provide guidance to installers who intend to integrate such mechanisms on the grid, presenting an expert system to recommend an appropriate deployment strategy.

    Impact Factor: 2.974
    Journal Citation Reports® Science Edition (Thomson Reuters, 2017)

  • J. E. Rubio, C. Alcaraz, and J. Lopez, "Selecting Privacy Solutions to Prioritise Control in Smart Metering Systems",
    The 11th International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security, vol. 10242, pp. 176-188, 2017. More..

    Abstract

    The introduction of the Smart Grid brings with it several benefits to society, because its bi-directional communication allows both users and utilities to have better control over energy usage. However, it also has some privacy issues with respect to the privacy of the customers when analysing their consumption data. In this paper we review the main privacy-preserving techniques that have been proposed and compare their efficiency, to accurately select the most appropriate ones for undertaking control operations. Both privacy and performance are essential for the rapid adoption of Smart Grid technologies.

  • J. Lopez, J. E. Rubio, and C. Alcaraz, "A Resilient Architecture for the Smart Grid",
    IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 14, issue 8, IEEE, pp. 3745-3753, 08/2019, 2018. DOI (I.F.: 5.430)More..

    Abstract

    The Smart Grid offers many benefits due to the bidirectional communication between the users and the utility company, which makes it possible to perform a fine-grain consumption metering. This can be used for Demand Response purposes with the generation and delivery of electricity in real time. It is essential to rapidly anticipate high peaks of demand or potential attacks, so as to avoid power outages and denial of service, while effectively supplying consumption areas. In this paper, we propose a novel architecture where cloud computing resources are leveraged (and tested in practice) to enable, on the one hand, the consumption prediction through time series forecasting, as well as load balancing to uniformly distribute the demand over a set of available generators. On the other and, it also allows the detection of connectivity losses and intrusions within the control network by using controllability concepts.

    Impact Factor: 5.430
    Journal Citation Reports® Science Edition (Thomson Reuters, 2017)

Attended Courses and Seminars

  • IPICS’15.  Intensive Programme on Information and Communication Security. Lesvos island, Greece (2015)
  • Cyber Secure Car 16: Conference on safety, security and privacy for the connected car. Munich, Germany (2016)